E15 Experts are leading thinkers and practitioners from developed and developing countries reflecting a wide range of perspectives on trade and sustainable development. The experts’ participation in any E15 activity is on a personal basis and does not represent an official commitment of the organisations they are affiliated with.
Madelaine Tuininga works for the Directorate-General for Trade of the European Commission since 1998. Since 2016, she is head of unit of the unit in DG Trade responsible for trade and sustainable development. The unit covers a broad area of topics, including trade aspects of labour, environment, development and human rights. Activities include amongst others policy development, initiatives and negotiations in relation to these areas; negotiation and implementation of the EU’s Trade and Sustainable Development chapters in Free Trade Agreements; the management of the EU’s Generalised System of Preferences; the trade side of corporate social responsibility/responsible business conduct; the trade side of the SDGs. From 2012 until 2015, she was head of unit of trade defence investigations leading a team of 25 colleagues (since 2012). In addition to investigative work, the unit is in charge of price undertakings, refunds and enforcement of trade defence measures. Prior to that and starting from 2006 she was the Acting Head of Unit and then Deputy Head of Unit of the units in charge of industrial sectors (2006-2011) and of the unit in charge of market access industrial sectors and market access (2012). Topics under her responsibilities included trade related matters of industrial sectors, raw materials and energy. She lead various sectoral negotiations on these topics in bilateral trade negotiations and in multilateral setting (OECD, G20). She was also closely involved in the raw material dispute settlement cases. Between 2003 and 2006, Madelaine was coordinator and market access negotiator for various WTO accession negotiations and in particular Russia’s WTO accession to the WTO. From 1998 until 2003 she was coordinator and market access negotiator of the free trade agreement negotiations with Mexico (1999), Chile (concluded in 2002) and Mercosur. Prior to this (1995-1998), she worked at the Ministry of Economic Affairs in the Netherlands where she was policy officer for the US and Canada and for some WTO dossiers (TRIPs and GPA). Madelaine has a law degree from the University of Amsterdam.